Palwal is a developing city and district of haryana. Palwal became the 21st district of Haryana State on 5 August 2008. This district was formally inaugurated by the Hon’ble Chief Minister of the state, Bhupender Singh Hooda.

It is situated at a distance of 60 km from Delhi on the Delhi-Mathura highway(NH2). Palwal is located at 28°09′N 77°20′E / 28.15°N 77.33°E . It has an average elevation of 195 metres (639 ft). The area of town is near to 22.10 km.
As of 2011 Palwal city had a population of 235663. Males constitute 53.12% of the population and females 46.88%. Palwal has an average literacy rate of 70.32%, higher than the national average of 65.5%: male literacy is 78.91%, and female literacy is 67.88%. In Palwal, 19.95% of the population is under 7 years of age.

TRANSPORT

There are many trains available from Palwal.Nearest Railway station is Palwal Railway Station.There are many trains available for Delhi.Recently Rail minister started ladies special trains between Palwal and Delhi.There are also many super fast trains available for long distance journey

Palwal is situated on NH-2. Buses are available on any time from local Bus Stand. Delhi Western Peripheral Expressway, or Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway (KMP Expressway), is 135.6 km long Expressway being constructed in Haryana.  

BRITISH TIME

During the British period, Palwal was a part of the Punjab and a part of Gurgaondistrict. Many persons from Palwal participated in the 1857 revolt against the British forces. Hayat Ali and Khairat Ali were martyred along with 17 people from Palwal only. Hayat Ali after arrest from his house was taken to Delhi and hanged. All male members of his family were ordered to be hanged. Large number of arrest warrants were issued. Interestingly, Tahsildar Palwal impersonate as Bangle seller like a Political decoy, went to the house of Hayat Ali, and saved Nazeer Ali (the grandson of Hayat Ali), who was merely 2 years old, inside a basket fully covered by bangles. He then left the child in the jungles of Nageena near Palwal. Ladies from the family of Hayat Ali, followed him, took the child from jungles and with cautious ultimately reached Tijara. Amongst the 17 people who were hanged in Palwal included the son-in-law of Hayat Ali, whose name was Iradat Ali bin Rustam Ali. When British forces chased the other family members fromPinangwan. The brother of Iradat Ali from Pinangwan, namely Karamat Ali could able to survive his life and ran away to Tijara.

It is the only city where the Mahatma Gandhi was arrested on 19th April 1919 from Palwal railway station  

HISTORY

The City Palwal got its name from a demon ‘Palawasur’ who ruled this place during the regin of Pandavas. Palwasur was killed by Balaram, elder brother of of Lord Shri Krishna. In his memory, every year a festival named “Baldev Chhat Ka Mela” is organised in Palwal. There is also a temple dedicated to Balaram near Railway Station of Palwal.
Palwal is the area where pandava lived. Later on it, become the place of vikramaditya. Palwal is famous for cotton. In this city there is famous temple of Hindu named panchvati.